Nature of Islamic Invasion.docx - Neha Bainsla B.A...

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Neha Bainsla B.A Hons(history) MEDIEVAL INDIA ASSIGNMENT-2 Do you agree with the view that the Turkish advent was an ‘Islamic Intrusion’ into Indian History? How does the literature of the period represent the cultural encounter? The period from 1000 to 1200 AD was a period of tremendous change in Central and West Asia.The advent of the Turks in the 11 th and 12 th century is often seen as ‘Islamic Intrusion’ into the Indian history.The arrival of Islam in India dates to the early 8 th century with the Arabs conquest of Sindh under Muhammad Qasim and trading links with Arabs and the establishment of Arab trading colonies in India also date from well before the Turkish invasion of the 11 th century.In the course of this essay, I would like to outline at the very beginning the concepts and themes that I would wish to touch upon in analysing themes like the “Turkish Advent”, “Islamic Intrusion”, etc. But I shall also throw some light upon the “Indian History” of the time and how renowned historians have described it. I will talk about the political scene that was prevalent just before the advent of the Turks and how it changed in their presence, and under their influence. I will then go on to talk about the “Colonial School of Historiography” and its concept of “Islamic Intrusion”. I will touch upon the idea of “Demonisation of Muslims”. This I believe is one of the most critically important aspects of this paper. And this is not just historically speaking; the times that we live in, and the ways in which society is witnessing the perversion of religious identities to suit ill-motivated and ill-begotten political, personal and sometimes economical ends serves as an important raison d’etre for analysing and mentioning this idea of “Demonisation” of religions, cultures, ways of thinking and ways of living. I would then talk about the definition of identities in frontier settings, of how “Outsiders” set about legitimising their presence, solidifying their influence, and consolidating their positions. I touch upon certain specific themes which would, in one way or another, serve to either demonstrate or refute this debate of “Intrusion”, temple desecration and the representation of images.The glorification of individuals (such as Mahmud of Ghazni); the rhetoric of religious texts like that of the Ramayana; the representation of certain themes in the contemporary literature of those times,like romance in Khusrau’s Ashika and politico-religious ideas in works by Isami etc. This will, in my belief, bring out to a certain extent, and decide one way or another, whether what happened in medieval India.If coming of the Turks was an “Islamic Intrusion” or something entirely different. The characterization of the Turkish invasion as an ‘Islamic intrusion’ rides upon two main assumptions.The first being that the Turkish invaders were identified on the basis of their religion and their actions were religiously motivated.The second is that there exsited,and indeed has been exsited from the beginning

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