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Hist 127 Notes

Hist 127 Notes - Hist 127 Notes 18 February 2008 Winners...

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Hist 127 Notes 18 February 2008 Winners and losers Make a list of why the colonist won or why the British lost the revolutionary war. Try to have at least 5 items in your list. B – why Britain lost, M – affected both sides, A – why the colonies won Soldiers from the British side defecting and joining the continental army. - M Lack of morale in the British soldiers. – French an Indian war. - B They were on their home turf and didn’t have to wait for supplies and reinforcements. - A (It is likely that the colonist would not have won the revolutionary war were it not for the help of the French.) - A The British public determined the war was not going very well and they had no public support. - B Guerilla tactics. George Washington – wanted a European army and did not want guerilla tactics. - A Carrying on a war half way around the planet does not go very well. – B Consequences of the revolution Creation of new state constitutions Gradual end in slavery in the north New state constitutions 1776: continental congress advises states to draft new constitutions Expanded role of legislatures Decreased power for governors Suffrage qualifications Bill of rights
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Massachusetts still has property qualification for voting because of John Adams Mum Bett (Elizabeth Freeman) Massachusetts slave, sues her owner for freedom in 1781, citing MA constitution that claimed “All men are born free and equal.” Other slaves (Quok Walker, etc.) follow her example, using courts as means to freedom. 1783, Massachusetts supreme court declares slavery unconstitutional – Quok Walker decision. Gradual Emancipation in the North Following Massachusetts and Vermont’s lead, all northern states pass gradual emancipations laws in 1780s. Legislatures in Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, reject emancipation. Carolinas and Georgia do not even consider emancipating such measures. Paul Cuffe Born 1759, son of African-born slave and native American Captain of a blockade runner during the revolution Refused to pay taxes in 1780 on the grounds that he was not represented in the Massachusetts legislature – 1783 law allowing free blacks to vote Opens first racially integrated school in MA, 1797 Orchestrated colonization movement to Sierra Leone Articles of Confederation Approved by congress 1777 Each state delegation had one vote Ne executive or judiciary branches Taxation Problem: western lands, debt and postwar economic depression
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Alliance between states, takes a model of the continental congress and give a little more legitimacy. No president or court system. A document created for the purpose of fighting the war. Gave congress the power to control the army, deal with foreign treaties, and runs the postal service. A very weak central government. Edward Rutlage – wanted a weak central government. Was weak by design because a government that was close to the people. Was supposed to pay for the army and fund itself from each
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