Case Study - Infection Prevention.docx - Student Name_Sarah Wilson Infection Control Case Study Your class is learning basic nursing skills In the

Case Study - Infection Prevention.docx - Student Name_Sarah...

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Student Name:_____Sarah Wilson______________________________________ Infection Control Case Study Your class is learning basic nursing skills. In the clinical facility, you and a classmate are assigned to assist in meeting the self-care and hygiene needs for the following group of post-operative surgery patients on the orthopedic rehabilitation unit. 1) Mr. Hernandez, 74 years old, right hip replacement, history of lung disease, suspected of having influenza, on droplet isolation 2) Ms. Garrison, 91 years old, left hip replacement, has dementia, must be fed all meals 3) Ms. Watson, 84 years old, left hip fracture repair, positive for MRSA in her urine, on contact precautions 4) Mrs. Flowers, 89 years old, right hip replacement, currently receiving chemotherapy for skin cancer, on protective isolation 5) Mr. Smith, 67 years old, left hip replacement for degenerative joint disease, history of smoking 3 packs/day for 45 years 6) Ms. McNally, 52 years old, right hip fracture repair after a fall at home, history of diabetes and HIV positive In reviewing what you know about infection prevention and isolation precautions. You first review the chain of infection. 1. Place the chain of infection in the correct order 1 to 6 ____4___ Mode of transmission ____5___ Portal of entry ___1____ Infectious agent (pathogen) ___6____ Susceptible host ___2__ Source for pathogen to grow (reservoir) ____3___ Portal of exit 2. Infectious agents include: (Select all that apply) ___x____ Protozoa ___x____ Bacteria ___x____ Insects ___x____ Fungi ___x____ Viruses _______ Nonvertebrate 3. Some pathogens are considered multi-drug resistant organisms. Identify two common MDRO’s. Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile ) MRSA - Methicillin/oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The clinical instructor explains that pathogens need specific things such as oxygen and water to grow. 4. What are some other factors that may influence or deter specific pathogenic growth?
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Factors that influence pathogenic growth is oxygen and moist, warm, dark environments. Factors that defer growth is sterilization, disinfection, sanitization and hand washing.
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