PSYC333 Week 1 .docx - PSYC333 – Week 1 Chapter 1 –...

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PSYC333 – Week 1Chapter 1 – Perspectives of SexualityThe role of media-Shapes norms around sexuality by projecting and teaching us what is “normal”-What we should desire/buy into in order to achieve greatest satisfaction-Often fails to reflect individual reality and spreads misinformationHistory of sex in western culture-Religion doctrine often censored sexuality for a long time-Media found subtle ways of injecting it into the mainstream-Sexual items disguised in advertising-Vibrators first introduced as medial devices to relive hysteria by inducing orgasms inwomen-Became more common to include sexuality to sell nonsexual products mid-century-Does sex sell? Belch et al found sexual ads make people remember the sexiness of adbut not the product-Vs Robinson and Gallup sound that sex increases recall for products when usedeffectivelySex in film and TV-Nudity more open in European films-In Hollywood women toplessness has become more accepted but not lower nudityPortrayals of racial/ethnic diversity-Black men more often associated with sexual violence/aggression-Fetishizing whiteness/ white on blackSafe-sex and media-Fantasy models immune to pregnancy and STIs-Idealizing sexual scripts skipping safe sex behaviours, dangerous messaging-Linked to earlier sexual activity and sexual risk-taking in young people exposed to suchmediaReligious and cultural views of sexuality-Ellis stated if humans were left to their own desires they would display a range of sexualbehaviours all considered normal-Social and cultural context dictates what is considered normal-Our own ethnocentrism makes us think our version of sex is what is normal-Causes us to forget or refuse to acknowledge all of the diversityAdam and eve-Reveals 2 persistent stereotypes
-Women give in too easily to temptation-And that they are sources of temptation for men-Whore vs pure dichotomy-Mary as the pure ideal women vs the corrupt EveJudaism-Sexual relations are good, part of God’s creation-Sex is good but also a source of impurity-Traditionally men could cheat with an unmarried women, not adultery-Sex to have children was good, spread the religion-Early polygamy was permitted but later completely monogamous-Sex between unmarried people okay but cannot have children without beign married-No same-sex relations or masturbation-Sex to reinforce marriageChristianity-Virginity and celibacy as the greatest devotion to god-View of sex as shameful and dirty-Use Eve to justify subordinate position of women-Role of sex to procreate, anything else like same-sex or masturbation seen as a wasteand fueled by lustIslam-Originally men and women equally, adam and eve equally guilty-Eve became the real villain, separation in prayer etc between genders-Celibacy not promoted under prophet, has to be between married couples-Birth control permittedHinduism-Sex for the purpose of procreation in marriage-Sex outside marriage highly disapproved, masturbation seen as okay-Against abortion

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Term
Fall
Professor
CarolineF.Pukall
Tags
Human Sexuality, The Bible, Sexual intercourse, The Unconscious,

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