Darfur Conflict 3
Conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan has taken the lives of over 400,000 persons in the
century, perhaps as much as 20 percent of the regional population (Wikipedia, 2008).
2.5 million have been displaced from land they have inhabited for many years (Lynch, 2007).
But, the world has done little to stop it or assist the people affected.
The situation in Darfur results from the interaction of a number of factors, including
global warming, economic interests, and local politics.
The semi-nomdic Janjaweed, which
means “mounted demons,” (Tesch, 2007), of northern Sudan are being driven south by the
expanding desert which is robbing them of grazing lands for their livestock (Wikipedia, 2008).
This has created conflict with the non-Arab Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups who have
farmed on the southern Sudanese lands for hundreds, even thousands, of years.
had given direction to the Janjaweed, as paramilitary, in putting down a Masalit uprising in the
late 1990’s (Wikipedia, 2008).
Although the government denies it, there is much evidence that
the Sudanese government is aiding the Janjaweed in their current clash with the southern
population because the destruction and displacement of these people actually benefits the
The conflict also benefits several other powerful countries, such as China and
others, who have blocked efforts by the United Nations to intervene on behalf of the people of
Darfur, and humanitarian cries for assistance have not been successful (Powers, 2007).
The people of southern Sudan lived independently in an undeveloped environment until
the early 1900’s when Britain forced control over the country of Sudan (Dickey, 2001).
most of the capital for development projects went to the northern section of the country
Political leaders in the late 20
century tried to blame this difference in the
allocation of resources on the Arabs, at the same time that there were concerted efforts to get