20080118- History 100 Term Paper -Mikaela Walker- The Darfur Conflict-1

20080118- History 100 Term Paper -Mikaela Walker- The Darfur Conflict-1

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Darfur Conflict 1 The Darfur Conflict: Those Who Seem to Support It, Those Who Suffer Most from It, and the Difficulties in Ending It 1
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Darfur Conflict 2 Written by Mikaela Walker Submitted to Dr. Alem Abbay Class History 100 2
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Darfur Conflict 3 Conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan has taken the lives of over 400,000 persons in the 21 st century, perhaps as much as 20 percent of the regional population (Wikipedia, 2008). Nearly 2.5 million have been displaced from land they have inhabited for many years (Lynch, 2007). But, the world has done little to stop it or assist the people affected. The situation in Darfur results from the interaction of a number of factors, including global warming, economic interests, and local politics. The semi-nomdic Janjaweed, which means “mounted demons,” (Tesch, 2007), of northern Sudan are being driven south by the expanding desert which is robbing them of grazing lands for their livestock (Wikipedia, 2008). This has created conflict with the non-Arab Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups who have farmed on the southern Sudanese lands for hundreds, even thousands, of years. The government had given direction to the Janjaweed, as paramilitary, in putting down a Masalit uprising in the late 1990’s (Wikipedia, 2008). Although the government denies it, there is much evidence that the Sudanese government is aiding the Janjaweed in their current clash with the southern population because the destruction and displacement of these people actually benefits the government. The conflict also benefits several other powerful countries, such as China and others, who have blocked efforts by the United Nations to intervene on behalf of the people of Darfur, and humanitarian cries for assistance have not been successful (Powers, 2007). The people of southern Sudan lived independently in an undeveloped environment until the early 1900’s when Britain forced control over the country of Sudan (Dickey, 2001). Still, most of the capital for development projects went to the northern section of the country (Wikipedia, 2008). Political leaders in the late 20 th century tried to blame this difference in the allocation of resources on the Arabs, at the same time that there were concerted efforts to get 3
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20080118- History 100 Term Paper -Mikaela Walker- The Darfur Conflict-1

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