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midterm review - Jodi Krakower Lit Arts C-70 Midterm Review...

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Jodi Krakower Lit & Arts C-70 Midterm Review Week 2 – The Emergence of the Bible - bible is an anthology collection of books o 3 different kinds of books history (narrative) Humash/Pentatuch: first 5 books begins with creation of God, ends with death of Moses prophecy – Xian prophets claim to speak on behalf of God wisdom (poetry) – Xian how to lead you life o Legal sections embedded in narrative - date of books o none written after Persian period all composed before mid 5 th century BC o Torah – “priestly instruction” – 12 th or 13 th cen. BC o Book of Daniel is last book - What the Bible is about o 23/24 books of the Torah deal with a single underlying theme God looking out for the world There is only one God God is active God of justice o the way God runs the world divine control of history Does God have a soft spot for a certain people? o Canon: books are old, divinely inspired, eternally true - Authorship of the Bible o Torah omniscient narrator No real sign of authorship Assume Moses wrote the words of God o Narratives are anonymous o Prophetic books are attributed o Traditionalist argument: the books were inspired by God, therefore they are authoritative and canonical o Scholarly argument: books are accepted by the community as authoritative, therefore they are believed to be inspired by God - canonization of the Bible o canon = collection of books variety of books, excludes all books after Persian period o effects of Bible being regarded as Canonical perfect no mistakes no contradictions, nothing unseemly omnisignificance God said it, so it must be true
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eternally true infallible and inerrant Week 3 – Interpreting the Bible - midrash : investigation, inquiry inquire an authority o inquiry into the meaning of scripture can be peshat – simple or plain meaning can be derash – involved, derived meanings o results of inquiry can be aggadah – non-legal, homiletical, philological, narrative halakha – law, ritual, path spells out details on how to follow Torah’s commandments mitzvah – commandment o mishnah – first rabbinic book anthology of halakhic statements - example of the interpretation following an inquiry o
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