MR 22 - lecture 3 - 9-26-05

MR 22 - lecture 3 - 9-26-05 - Jodi Krakower MR 22 Justice...

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Jodi Krakower MR 22 – Justice Lecture #3 – Utilitarianism September 26, 2005 Jeremy Bentham - the highest principle of morality is to maximize utility o we are all governed by 2 principles: pain and pleasure - What is utility? o Whatever produces pleasure or happiness; whatever reduces suffering or pain o Can apply to communities and legislations o If we add up all the benefits of a policy, and subtract all of the costs, the decision that is made should be the side with the maximum utility Balance = benefits – costs - the principle can never be consistently combated - experiment 1 - proper management o created a workforce in which all the beggars could live increasing the general welfare o found that the beggars created a negative atmosphere o found that many beggars would rather remain beggars than be forced to work in a workhouse - experiment 2 (public policy) - any person would be apprehended to take a beggar to the nearest workhouse o beggar would have to work off food, clothing, bedding, etc. (on a tab)
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