Handout 26_Early Medieval-Carolingian

Handout 26_Early Medieval-Carolingian - ARC231/530 Fall2010...

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ARC 231/530 History 1: History of World Architecture – Ancient Through Medieval Fall 2010 School of Architecture, CALA, University of Arizona 10/29/10 Page 1 of 5 Lecture 26 Early Medieval Architecture: Carolingian – Palace and Monastery Timeline (Adapted from Honour and Fleming, The Visual Arts: A History , 3 rd ed.) Historical Event Architecture/Arts Mid 5 th Century Visigoths (Germanic barbarian tribe begin to take control of Iberian peninsula 497 Franks converted to Christianity ca 530 Temple of Vishnu, Deogarh, India 532 537 [Byzantine] Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey ca 570 632CE Life of Muhammad 590 604 Gregorian chants established 680 711 Ch. of S. Pedro de la Nave, El Campilo, ESP 690 Shrine at Ise, Japan 711 Islamic conquest of Spain from Morocco 691 Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem 732 Franks, led by Charles Martel defeat Arab Muslims at the Battle of Poitiers 706 715 Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria (France); halts Muslim advance to north 756 Independent Emirate of Cordoba established under Abd al Rahman I 762 843 Iconoclastic Controversy 768 814 Reign of Charlemagne 778 Battle of the Franks against Muslims; massacre at Roncevalles/d. of Roland Dec 25, 800 In Old St Peter’s Pope Leo III crowns 792 802 Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, GER Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans 9 th Century Revolt of the Mozarabs in Spain 817 Monastery Plan at St Gall, Switzerland and persecutions of them by Muslims 866 911 Christian King Alfonso III – Reconquista 910 Cluniac order founded 961 976 Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain 1137 1144 Abbey Church of St. Denis, Paris, France 1204 Crusaders take Constantinople 1145 ca 1230 Cathedral of Notre Dame, Chartres, France 1241 1248 Rayonnant Ste Chapelle, Paris, France 1348 Beginning of Black Death 13 th 14 th Century Alhambra, Granada, Spain 1453 Ottoman Turk Sultan Mehmed II conquers Constantinople Carolingian Dynasty 717 741 Charles Martel 741 768 Pepin III, the Short 768 814 Charlemagne (“Charles the Great”): ‘ renovatio Romani imperii ’ (Latin for "revival of the Roman Empire") this was the inscription on the official seal of Charlemagne 814 840 Louis the Pious 840 877 Charles the Bald
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ARC 231/530 History 1: History of World Architecture – Ancient Through Medieval Fall 2010 School of Architecture, CALA, University of Arizona 10/29/10 Page 2 of 5 Vocabulary abbot (from the Aramaic abba , "father") the head or superior of a monastery ascetic practicing strict self denial as a measure of spiritual and physical discipline; may refer more specifically to the life of a hermit choir the part of the church in which the clergy or singers gathered for services, usually the area between
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Handout 26_Early Medieval-Carolingian - ARC231/530 Fall2010...

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