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MR 22 - lecture 4 - 9-28-05

MR 22 - lecture 4 - 9-28-05 - -“Utilitarianism” o...

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Jodi Krakower MR 22 – Justice Lecture # 4 – Utilitarianism September 28, 2005 Bentham’s Objections to Utilitarianism - Individual Rights, Justice - Aggregating values, preferences o All values commensurable? Can we assign a dollar amount on a human life? o Distinguish higher, lower pleasures Bentham – all that matters is the duration of pleasure “pushpin is as good as poetry” J.S. Mill’s Reply to the Objections to Utilitarianism - Tried to humanize utilitarianism - 1859 – book defending minority rights
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Unformatted text preview: -“Utilitarianism” o Utility as foundation of morals o Distinguishes higher from lower pleasures (Ch. II) Someone has to have had experienced both and has to prefer one over the other “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied, better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, are of a different opinion, it is because they only know their own side of the question” (p.9) Human sense of dignity...
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