1508 2nd Semester Readings Final Review

1508 2nd Semester Readings Final Review - 1 Lauren...

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1) Lauren Kellerman, B. (2005). How Bad Leadership Happens. Leader to Leader , Winter, 41-46. https:// www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~soc186/AssignedReadings/Kellerman-bad.pdf Kellerman, B. (2004). Claiming the Bad Side. In Bad Leadership , 3-14. Harvard Business School Press. https://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~soc186/AssignedReadings/Kellerman- bad2.htm How Bad Leadership Happens Barbara Kellerman State of Nature Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke: Human beings can’t be trusted Should consider organization and orders over human rights/entitlements Founding Fathers: Federalist paper: “ of man’s capacity for reason and justice that makes free government possible, of his capacity for passion and injustice that makes it necessary.” *Self interest dictates the choice to lead or follow* Leadership rewards (rights/resources from power, authority, and influence and greater degree of autonomy) more obvious Follower rewards (individual needs and needs as a group member) are more obscure Individual level gain: *safety--self-preservation is strongest basic need; Hobbes illustrated as a way to maintain public order; also applies to business exec who wants security for family stability (generally trumps need for self-expression); even bad leaders can provide order and protect against angst simplicity—easier just to follow; simplifies cognitive load Group level gain: order maintained cohesion taking on collective work Michel’s “iron law of oligarchy”: always be leaders because we always need to hold some one accountable for getting the group’s work done Types of Bad Leadership Basic level divides into 2 categories: 1. ineffective—fails to produce desired change, falls short of its intention 2. unethical—cannot make even most basic claim to decency and good conduct 7 Bad Types of Leader ship 1. Incompetent—(Bush) lack will and skill to sustain effective action; fail to create positive change (with regard to at least one important leadership challenge) 2. Rigid—(Mary Meeker, queen of the internet)) stiff and unyielding. Unable or unwilling to adapt to new ideas, changing times, etc 3. Intemperate—(Marion Barry, Jr., former mayor of DC, elected 4x) lacks self control, aided and abetted by followers who willing or unable to effectively intervene
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4. Callous—(Al Dunlap, “Chain-saw Al”) uncaring or unkind, ignored or discounted are the needs, wants and wishes of most members of the group or organization, especially subordinates 5. Corrupt—(William Aramony, Head of United Way of America) lie, cheat, and/or steal, to a degree that exceeds the norm they put their own personal self interest ahead of public interest 6. Insular—(Bill Clinton, Rwanda) minimize or disregard the health and welfare of “the other”— that is, of those outside the group or organization for which they are directly responsible 7. Evil—(Saddam Hussein, Pol Pot, Jim Jones(cult leader), Radovan Karadzic (leader of
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 1508 taught by Professor Ben-shahar during the Spring '06 term at Harvard.

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1508 2nd Semester Readings Final Review - 1 Lauren...

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