{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

2007 midterm study guide - Lit Arts B-20 Designing the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lit & Arts B-20 – Designing the American City Spring 2007 Midterm Study Guide – Lecture Summaries Intro: Cities in the American Experience (Week 1) 1) Civic Space Amidst a Suburban Culture (2/1) - Archetypal Pre-Industrial City vs. Archetypal American City > Contained/identifiable perimeter > no boundaries > Finite/stable/slow to change > incomplete/ever changing > enduring >ephemeral Seeking to Construct an Egalitarian Landscape (Weeks 2,3,4) 2) Savannah: The Gridiron and Garden as Master Symbols (2/6) - The Gridiron (“grid system”) o Principle pattern of settlement o Rational land division tool – order o Allows individuals to announce presence over land Individual should be expressed over society Promotion of virtuous citizens - The Garden – represents nature o Pursuit for origin, individual cultivator o Sustenance and delight enlightenment - Middle Landscape – “middle state” o Union of nature & civilization, savage & refined o Simultaneous enjoyment unlimited abundance of land o Agrarianism – rural state, agriculture was primary source of a nation’s wealth - Savannah, GA (1732 – James Oglethorpe) o Home was the central building block, shows what was important o Colonial town as commercial city Parks and important buildings at center – representation of nature o 20 mile city Each person had 1 sq mile (self-sufficient), king George had 4 sq miles Gridiron becomes egalitarian social order Similar to military encampments 3) Thomas Jefferson’s Cities: The Urbane Visions of an Agrarian Philosopher (2/8) - National design for American environment on four levels 1. states ideal democratic, egalitarian society, self-sustaining citizens life, liberty, and acquisition of land enlightenment era notion grid theory = democratic concept (rational way of dividing country) easy to survey, tax good for agriculture (Jefferson was a farmer, so he had an interest in agricultural planning), good for military
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ex) Midwest is laid out the way Jefferson would want lg. squares divided up, but individuals occupy self-sufficient plots of land 2. town checkerboard cities Washington, DC house at center surrounded by 4 garden squares 3. UVA microcosm represented a proper house for education great architecture as an educating force model for what he thinks America should be like 4. home to own a home is to govern one’s self individualism is most important, so home at the center, everything else surrounds it 4) The Small Towns as an Ideal: From Puritan Covenants to Seaside, FL (2/13) - New Urbanism seeking a good place to live o Seaside & Celebration, FL New versions of small towns houses close together - Communitarian Tradition o New World was haven for people who were persecuted in native societies, want to find new & safe place to live (utopian conditions) o Ex) Covenanted NE Towns of the Puritans Settlements built by religious groups (Woodstock, VT) o Head of family granted plot of land, farm lots separately located
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}