2007 midterm study guide

2007 midterm study - Lit Arts B-20 Designing the American City Spring 2007 Midterm Study Guide Lecture Summaries Intro Cities in the American

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Spring 2007 Midterm Study Guide – Lecture Summaries Intro: Cities in the American Experience (Week 1) 1) Civic Space Amidst a Suburban Culture (2/1) - Archetypal Pre-Industrial City vs. Archetypal American City > Contained/identifiable perimeter > no boundaries > Finite/stable/slow to change > incomplete/ever changing > enduring >ephemeral Seeking to Construct an Egalitarian Landscape (Weeks 2,3,4) 2) Savannah: The Gridiron and Garden as Master Symbols (2/6) - The Gridiron (“grid system”) o Principle pattern of settlement o Rational land division tool – order o Allows individuals to announce presence over land Individual should be expressed over society Promotion of virtuous citizens - The Garden – represents nature o Pursuit for origin, individual cultivator o Sustenance and delight enlightenment - Middle Landscape – “middle state” o o Simultaneous enjoyment unlimited abundance of land o Agrarianism – rural state, agriculture was primary source of a nation’s wealth - Savannah, GA (1732 – James Oglethorpe) o Home was the central building block, shows what was important o Colonial town as commercial city Parks and important buildings at center – representation of nature o 20 mile city Each person had 1 sq mile (self-sufficient), king George had 4 sq miles Gridiron becomes egalitarian social order Similar to military encampments 3) Thomas Jefferson’s Cities: The Urbane Visions of an Agrarian Philosopher (2/8) - National design for American environment on four levels 1. states ideal democratic, egalitarian society, self-sustaining citizens life, liberty, and acquisition of land enlightenment era notion grid theory = democratic concept (rational way of dividing country) easy to survey, tax good for agriculture (Jefferson was a farmer, so he had an interest in agricultural planning), good for military
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ex) Midwest is laid out the way Jefferson would want lg. squares divided up, but individuals occupy self-sufficient plots of land 2. town checkerboard cities Washington, DC house at center surrounded by 4 garden squares 3. UVA microcosm represented a proper house for education great architecture as an educating force model for what he thinks America should be like 4. home to own a home is to govern one’s self individualism is most important, so home at the center, everything else surrounds it 4) The Small Towns as an Ideal: From Puritan Covenants to Seaside, FL (2/13) - New Urbanism seeking a good place to live o New versions of small towns houses close together - Communitarian Tradition o New World was haven for people who were persecuted in native societies, o Ex) Covenanted NE Towns of the Puritans Settlements built by religious groups (Woodstock, VT)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course LIT & ARTS B-20 taught by Professor Krieger during the Spring '07 term at Harvard.

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2007 midterm study - Lit Arts B-20 Designing the American City Spring 2007 Midterm Study Guide Lecture Summaries Intro Cities in the American

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