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section 3-20 notes

section 3-20 notes - Technological and Cultural Develoments...

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Technological and Cultural Develoments Supporting Suburban Expansion (Jackson’s “Crabgrass Frontier”) - Technological o Railroads o Brooklyn ferry to Manhattan allowed Brooklyn to expand faster than Manhattan o Omnibus, horse car o Telephone easy communication o Machines - Cultural o Shift in ideas family is central instead of work being central o Evolution of real estate owning your own piece of land o Romanticism of suburb Suburbs originally slums (wealthy lived in cities) Shift to suburbs as nicest places to live Country club revolution rich moved out of the city FLW’s Broadacres and Olmsted’s Park Movement FLW - Broadacres Olmsted – City and Park - Nature very important gives virtue and wholeness more upstanding moral citizens - city is not planned let people settle where they want - no trees b/c they shut out the view - minor gov’t for every county - nature very important - city is planned fix what is already there - one central gov’t to plan the city - landscape was remedial device Chicago Plan’s Scope and Details within Mumford’s “4 th Migration” Burnham’s Plan of Chicago Mumford’s “4 th Migration” - democratic aspirations: cultural shift toward an attachemtn to the home (place of permanence and tradition) - decentralization homes built on edge of the city - homes built w/fireproof materials (thinking of the past, regional planning is important) - inc in transportation and communication allowed for decentralization and movement out of the city - movement toward garden cities - regional planning is important Kenneth Jackson Crabgrass Frontier, chapter 1 (58) SUBURBS AS SLUMS “Suburbs, then, were socially and economically inferior to cities when wind, muscle, and water were the prime movers of civilization… Even the word suburb suggested inferior manners, narrowness of view, and physical squalor.” (Jackson, 19) Suburb : residential place, as the site of scattered dwellings and businesses outside city walls This phenomenon has been around for a long time (ancient and medieval examples) Main cities at the time (1815) were “ walking cities ” (Jackson, 14) 1. Congestion 2. Clear distinction between city and country 3. Mixture of functions: residential and commercial intermixed
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4. Short distance from home to work 5. Fashionable addresses in the center of town a. Undesirable stuff was often pushed to the outskirts of towns Race Relations Initially blacks were forced to live near their masters, and thus lived downtown Then, “living out” system, they could move away, so they moved far far away, i.e. the suburbs Kenneth Jackson Crabgrass Frontier, chapter 2 (59) The Transportation Revolution and the Erosion of the Walking City I. Suburbanization a) Between 1815 and 1875 the development of the steam ferry, the omnibus, the commuter railroad, the horse car, the elevated railroad and the cable car lead to the growth of suburbs.
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section 3-20 notes - Technological and Cultural Develoments...

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