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fc46_lecture 6 (10-3-07)

fc46_lecture 6 (10-3-07) - Jodi Krakower FC46 Caribbean...

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Jodi Krakower FC46 – Caribbean Societies Lecture 6 10-3-07 The Social and Cultural Consequences of Plantation Slavery Different kinds of slavery The planter class - slaves owned in large numbers o 223 per holding in sugar (JA) - small white minority – Jamaica 1832: ration of 20:1 o 313,000 slaves, 16,750 whites - deep class divisions o attorneys, overseers, bookkeepers - ethnic divisions o English, Scots, Irish o Strong Irish influences - shortage of white women o in JA; 143 males to 100 women in 1844 - absentee ownership and its consequences o over 50% owned by absentees o 175 per holding for absentees vs. 25 for locals o Overseers running estates – being paid on commission The slave population - did not reproduce, in contrast with the US o high mortality o low fertility - Creole-African ratio o 35-50% African in 1830 - African tribal divisions o Ibos o Koromantees (Ghana) o Yorubans (Cuban Lucini) o Hausa, Bambara The colored population: enslaved and free - origin and size o 18.4% of births in JA between 1829-32 o Wealth almost rivaled the whites -
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