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fc46_lecture 8 (10-12-07)

fc46_lecture 8 (10-12-07) - -rural base-Chinese withdrawal...

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Jodi Krakower FC 46 – Caribbean Societies Lecture 8 10-12-07 Indentured Labor and the Coming of Asians to the Caribbean (1838-1917) Sources of indentured servants - Europe and Atlantic Islands - Africa - North America o Asian re-migration - Asia - Main sources in India Destinations and numbers in the Caribbean - Indians to… o Guyana o Trinidad o Cuba o Jamaica - smaller numbers in other islands o 30-40% women - Chinese mainly to Cuba Chinese in Cuba (1847-1874) - mainly from S.E. China o Fukien (Fujian) o Kwangtung (Guangdong) - Cantonese and Hakka main dialect groups - Mainly indentures but also voluntary and credit-ticket system - Chinese agents rather than Europeans - Only 1% women to Cuba; 15% elsewhere in the Caribbean How many returned? - Significant numbers - Much lower numbers in Jamaica Social conditions of indenture - harsh contract system o but not slavery not inherited o after 5 years could leave or renew - conflicts with blacks - gender conflicts and family reconstitution
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Unformatted text preview: -rural base-Chinese withdrawal to towns The Chinese in the Afro-Caribbean societies: Jamaica and Guyana Compared-similar origins in china-Hakka trading and socio-cultural background – useful resources-Different outcomes: o Ethnicity & economic success in Jamaica o Assimilation and decline of ethnicity in Guyana -reasons for different outcomes o trading niche occupied in Guyana o wide open in Jamaica o relative ethnic tolerance in West India-what the Caribbean Chinese experience tells us about ethnicity o ethnicity not primordial o ethnic identity is a function of socio-economic interests Indo-Caribbean culture-Hindus mainly, some Muslims-Retention and change in Indian culture o Contrast w/slavery, esp. family o Caste decline; embrace of lower castes o Language – Hindu-Bhojpuri decline o Religion – importance of Ramayana, Krishna o Bhaki-centered Hinduism...
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