HY 120 Exam II Notes - Events leading to the outbreak of...

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Unformatted text preview: Events leading to the outbreak of the Revolution The Seven Years War(also known as the French and Indian War) 1756-1763 Britains victory in this war brought them great amounts of territory and established their supremacy This victory came at great cost, however; they needed to find ways to help ease the financial strain that their new empire imposed upon them Sugar Act (1764) under this act, Parliament imposed duties on a number of goods such as sugar, molasses, coffee, and wine Stamp Act (1765) placed a tax on paper goods such as stamps, playing cards, etc. this act met with fierce resistance and threats of boycotts on English imports caused this act to be repealed in 1766 Parliament still asserted their right to tax the colonists; this was a poor move on the part of Parliament After the Stamp Act repeal, Parliament passed the Townshend Act (1767) Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770) Tea Act (1770) Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts, but kept the Tea Act intact Dec. 16, 1773 Boston Tea Party, angry colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded three British ships and dumped all the tea Boston Tea Party was the breaking point for Parliament, and Parliament enacted the Coercive Acts in 1774; called the Intolerable Acts by the colonists This effectively closed Boston Harbor until Bostonians repaid the British for the Boston Tea Party; martial law was declared in Boston as well 1 st Continental Congress (1774) convention where colonies agreed to send food, etc., delegates to organize resistance to the Intolerable Acts Loyalists called for accommodation and reconciliation with the British, and viewed Parliament as having the authority over all British subjects Loyalists tended to be people with close ties to England such as royal officals, some lawyers and merchants with government contracts Livingstons of Hudson Valley (loyalists) possessed great wealth In the South, Loyalists were led under John Murray, Earl of Dunmore , the Royal Governor of Virginia; offered freedom to slaves that would fight on for the British General Thomas Gage was given orders to close the Massachusetts assembly, arrest its leading members, and to capture the arms stockpiled by the colonial militia; on April 19 th , Gage ordered his troops to Concord, who were first opposed at Lexington and then at Concord; Shot heard around the world British were harassed by American militia (utilizing guerilla tactics), and forced to retreat back to Boston; suffered more than 270 casualties 2 nd Continental Congress (May 10, 1775) created the Continental Army from the disorganized, armed mob that surrounded Boston after Lexington and Concord However, loyalist sentiment did prevail in this congress, as a last chance at reconciliation known as the Olive Branch Petition was drafted and sent to the King; King rejected it, ending all allegiance to the British Crown British regulars arrived outside of NYC where they routed the American forces across NJ and PN;...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HY 120 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '08 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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HY 120 Exam II Notes - Events leading to the outbreak of...

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