ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE IPACzech spoken in Bohemiaand MoraviaˇS´arkaˇSim´aˇckov´aDepartment of English and American Studies,Palack´y University in Olomouc, Czech Republic[email protected]V´aclav Jon´aˇs Podlipsk´yDepartment of English and American Studies,Palack´y University in Olomouc, Czech Republic[email protected]Kateˇrina Chl´adkov´aAmsterdam Center for Language and Communication,University of Amsterdam[email protected]As a western Slavic language of the Indo-European family, Czech is closest to Slovak andPolish. It is spoken as a native language by nearly 10 million people in the Czech Republic(Czech Statistical Office n.d.). About two million people living abroad, mostly in the USA,Canada, Austria, Germany, Slovakia, and the UK, claim Czech heritage (Ministry of ForeignAffairs of the Czech Republic 2009). However, it is not known how many of them are nativespeakers of Czech.Sociolinguistically, the language situation in the Czech Republic bears diglossic features.There is a substantial gap between formal, highly codified language and the language used ineveryday situations. Our aim is to describe the way most people speak most of the time ratherthan artificial orthoepic norms (for the latter see Palkov⁄a 1997: 320–345).Geographically, in the western part of the country (Bohemia and western Moravia)pronunciation is relatively homogeneous compared to the greater dialectal diversity of theeast (the rest of Moravia), where several dialectal areas can be distinguished (Cvrˇcek 2010:24). Still, there are a number of features common to Moravian dialects, distinguishing themclearly from the pronunciation of Bohemia and allowing native speakers to identify someoneas either Bohemian or Moravian. The present paper elaborates on the earlier illustration ofCzech (Dankoviˇcov⁄a 1997a) by describing the differences between Bohemian Czech (BC),spoken by more than six million Czech citizens, and Moravian Czech (MC), spoken by aboutthree-and-a-half million Czech citizens. At the same time, our illustration provides additionalinformation about what both varieties have in common.