terms8,8,11,12 - History of Western Art I Prof. Zaho TERMS:...

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History of Western Art I Prof. Zaho TERMS: Chapters 8, 9, 11, and 12 Chapter 8: Pagans, Jews, and Christians: The Art of Late Antiquity aisle- The portion of a basilica flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of columns or piers. ambulatory- A covered walkway; especially the passageway around the apse and the choir of a basilica plan or central plan church. anagogical axis - Anagogical means spiritual or mystical; an axis is a straight line. The anagogical axis of a work of art is the invisible line on which all of the most spiritual or mystical elements are arranged or lined up. apse- A recess, usually singular and semi-circular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a Christian church. arch- A curved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks (voussoirs) that transmit the downward pressure laterally. atrium (pl. atria)- The court of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica. basilica- In Roman architecture, a civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan. In Christian architecture, a church plan based on the Roman basilica with a longitudinal axis and an entrance at one end and an apse at the other. baldacchino - A canopy, often freestanding, on columns, frequently built over an altar. Also called a ciborium. baptistery - In Christian architecture, the building used for baptism, usually situated next to a church. catacombs - Subterranean networks of galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead. Cathedra - Literally, the seat of the bishop, from which the word cathedral is derived. So a cathedral is a Bishop’s church. central plan - A round domed building plan in which the parts of the structure are arranged, with equal or almost equal, distances from the center. Christus Triumphans - Latin for “triumphant Christ” An image of the living Christ on the cross. Christus Patiens – Latin for “suffering Christ.” An image of Christ depicted dead on the cross. cloister - A monastery courtyard usually with covered walkways or ambulatories along the sides. codex (pl. codices) - Separate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side and having a cover; the predecessor of the modern book. crossing- The space in a cruciform church formed by the intersection of the nave and the transept. cruciform- Literally means “cross-shaped.”
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cubiculum (pl. cubicula) - A small room that opens onto the atrium of a Roman house. Also, a small chamber in an Early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel. diptych - A two-paneled painting or altarpiece; also, an ancient Roman, Early Christian, or Byzantine hinged writing tablet, often of ivory and carved on the external sides. folio
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ARH 2059 taught by Professor Margaretzaho during the Spring '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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terms8,8,11,12 - History of Western Art I Prof. Zaho TERMS:...

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