Test2Everything - Arh 2-12-07 - Greek art. Athens and...

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Arh 2-12-07 - Greek art. Athens and Sparta are rivals. - Greeks prized the perfection of the human body and mind. - Gods of the Greeks were shown in human form. Displayed all of the downfalls of men. - Fate ruled everyday life. - 12 main Olympian gods- Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hestia, Demeter, Aries, Athena, Haphestos, Apollo, Artemis, Aferditie, and Hermes - Greeks called themselves Hellenes - Never formed a single unified nation, city states. - 776 BC city states held first Olympic games at Olympia - If you didn’t speak Greek, you were barbaric - Art divided up into 7 different cultures, Geometric Period 900- 700BC(Emergence, Discovery, Homer), Orientalizing 700-600 (Influences), Archaic 600-480BC(Origins) Early Classical period 480-450BC(Persian Attack, Athens defeats Persians, Rise), High Classical 450-400BC(Percales, Acropolis), Late classical 400-323BC (Peloponnesian War Athens and Sparta, Defeat of Athens) Hellenistic 323-31BC (Alexander the Great dies 323BC, Roman rule of Egypt) - Geometric period is the coming out of dark period. See the development of city states and population growth - Homers works are recorded, trade begins again, Olympics begin - Geometric shapes - Geometric Krater- Dipylon cemetery, Athens, Geometric period, c.740BC. o 3’4” o Large mouth bowl of a foot used for mixing wine and water-Krater o Ceremonial, used to mark the grave of an Athenian man o Bottom is open so that wine and water can be poured through to man in the grave o Top band shows people but lower shows geometric shapes. o Figure is laid out on a beir o No attempt at naturalism o Humans reduced to natural form o Early example of a narrative o Show individuals wealth and status o Krater is used for men - Orientalizing period - Many small figures, lots of trade - Mantiklos, Apollo- Thebes, Greece, Orientalizing period, 700-680BC. o Bronze, 8 inches in height o Votive offering o Desire to depict nude male form o Long inscription on his legs. o Fascination of Greek alphabet - Lady of Auxerre-kore, Orientalizing period, c. 650BC.
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o Limestone o 2ft in height, o Significantly larger, votive offering, unclear if she is donor or receiving - Geometric face and body, once brightly painted - Kuros-600 BC, Archaic, Marble, 6.5ft. o Egyptian style, one foot forward, hands in fist at side o Kuros means youth o Served Funerary purpose, stood over grave in country side o Replaced Vases form the Geometric age as grave markers o Also could be used as votive offering o Differed form Egyptian in two ways: 1. did not use stone block, tried to represent motion 2. kouroi are nude -V shaped ridge above the hips supposed to represent the flesh and muscle of a human body - Triangular head and hair, flat face and hair is flat back drop for head. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ARH 2059 taught by Professor Margaretzaho during the Spring '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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Test2Everything - Arh 2-12-07 - Greek art. Athens and...

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