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Unformatted text preview: PHI 247 9/6/07 Definitions see Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy Principle Existentialism- Freidrich Nietzsche- Edmund Husserl Phenomenology- Martin Heidegger- Jean-Paul Sartre- Albert Camus- Simone DeBeauveoir- Maurice Merleau-Ponty The Enlightenment : The beginning of the modern period of rational philosophical inquiry and scientific thought (17 th +18 th century). I ts principal teaching is the concept of mathematical mastery over nature- Historical figures of the Enlightenment o Niccolo Machiavelli o Galileo o Francis Bacon o Rene Descantes o Isaac Newton I The world is given to us in a privileged way, from our own radically unique consciousness. Experienced by me, and I find myself within it. To be is to exist in the world. Our histories are made of our subjective experiences. Consciousness (human awareness) is always about something. Each act of consciousness and human experience (perception, thought, habit, sexuality) is shared with all other humans in their basic defining structures. Subjectivity is directed to a series of events, or object each experience is an experiencing of something I...
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- Spring '07