Notes march 27 - cannot be dualists C –Argument from...

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In-class notes 3/27/08 Churchland: Dualism -Argument for Dualism: A religious beliefs (life after death) A) -How is belief in life after death consistent with dualism? Substance dualism, the mind and the body are two distinct entities. To have life after death, that means the mind goes on but the body isn’t and begins to decay (student’s opinion). -Mind and body -Soul and body -two different views: Christians’ view: soul and body -Descartes holds the Christian view: soul and body -Socrates: mind and body (but Tibbetts also believes soul – he proves this using the prison cell metaphor) B) -Introspection: observation or examination of one's own mental and emotional state, mental processes, etc.; the act of looking within oneself. -Animals can’t do this, (i.e.) cat, because they have no sense of self – therefore animals
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Unformatted text preview: cannot be dualists. C) –Argument from Irreducibility: example: the rose, you know how it will smell because you’ve had experience with it. The smell of a rose: molecular stuff, etc etc. But, the scent is different, it is some sort of emergent quality. -Argument for irreducibility for Descartes. 2 examples: 1. Language (Descartes & J. Locke)-Churchland’s counterargument: computer language (HTML), 2. Mathematics -Churchland’s counterargument: calculators (program these to do mathematical reasoning) D) Parapsychological events - is the study of ostensibly paranormal events including extrasensory perception , psychokinesis , and survival of consciousness after death. Parapsychologists call these processes psi , a term intended to be descriptive without implying a mechanism...
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