Ethics Notes .docx - Week 1 Ethics set of values or...

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January 19, 2021- Week 1 Ethics- set of values or principles held by individuals or groups, asks questions about the good life, about what is better or worse, about whether there is any objective right and wrong, and how we know it if there is Philosophy- discipline or study in which we ask and attempt to answer basic questions about key areas or subject matters of human life and about pervasive and significant aspects of life Aesthetics- The study of beauty and taste Epistemology- Theory of knowledge Normative Ethics- The study of prescriptive accounts of how we ought to behave, defends a thesis of what is good, right, or just Metaethics- Study of moral concepts and the logic of ethical language, asks questions about the nature of ethics, ethical terms and judgement, Questions about the relation between philosophical ethics and religion What is good defined as? What is bad defined as? Descriptive Claims- propositions that state true or false claims about facts in the world Normative Judgments/ Evaluative Judgements- evaluative or prescriptive claims about what is good, evil, just, and the like Descriptive (empirical) judgment: Capital punishment acts (or does not act) as a deterrent. Normative (moral) judgment: Capital punishment is justifiable (or unjustifiable). Hume’s Law/ Naturalistic fallacy- the claim that it is illegitimate to derive “ought” from “is” Natural Law- a theory of law that is grounded in claims about nature, normative theory that holds that reason can discover objective ethical norms by examining natural human functions Sociobiology- a field of study that applies evolutionary and comparative biology to understanding social phenomena, including ethical behaviors, human behaviors result from the pressures of natural selection Intuitionism- Metaethical idea that ethical truths are objective and irreducible and can be known by faculty of intuition, intuitive knowledge of ethical truths Emotivism- metaethical idea that ethical propositions express emotional states, determined by our natural sympathy or lack thereof for one another Objectivist- metaethical idea that ethical propositions refer to objective facts Subjectivists- metaethical idea that ethical propositions refer to subjective dispositions or values Intrinsic- things that have value in themselves and not merely as tools or means Instrumental- things that are useful or good as tools or as a means toward

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