Psych 119 - chapter 6

Psych 119 - chapter 6 - Perceptual & Cognitive...

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Unformatted text preview: Perceptual & Cognitive Abilities Chapter 6 Gender Similarities & Differences Sex & Gender: An Introduction (5 th Edition) Hilary M. Lips Do Men and Women Differ in Their Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities? In chapter 6, we ask: Is one sex more variable than the other with respect to cognitive abilities? Are there male-female differences in general intelligence? Do women and men differ in aspects of sensation, perception, or motor skills? How do women and men compare in their verbal performance? Do Men and Women Differ in Their Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities? Chapter 6 Overview continued: What about mathematics and quantitative performance? Is one sex better than the other at learning and memory? Do the sexes differ in their visual-spatial performance? How can we explain the differences that have been observed? Greater Male Variability? Greater Male Variability? Many psychologists and educators at the beginning of the 20 th century believed men were more variable than women Men were thought more likely than women to be geniuses and to be mentally subnormal An argument for excluding women from professions Leta Hollingworths efforts to cast doubt on the greater male variability hypothesis Do the Sexes Differ in Intelligence? Do the Sexes Differ in Intelligence? Early versions of the Stanford-Binet intelligence test showed a slight tendency for females to score higher than males Items that contributed to this difference were eliminated Later IQ tests were constructed by balancing subscales on which females tended to score better with subscales on which males tended to score better Sensation, Perception, and Motor Sensation, Perception, and Motor Skills - Questions Skills - Questions Perceptual speed and accuracy Sensitivity to touch Sensitivity to sound Forming visual images of words Attending to different kinds of stimuli (faces vs. objects) Learning and Memory Learning and Memory Many studies show no female-male differences on memory tests Some researchers report a female advantage on tests of verbal memory Gender differences can often be traced to differences in familiarity or interest in topic Do women remember emotionally intense stimuli better than men do? Performance on Verbal Tests Performance on Verbal Tests Small consistent gender differences favoring females...
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Psych 119 - chapter 6 - Perceptual & Cognitive...

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