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Exam1 Review - EXAM 1 REVIEW M103-1 S08 CARLISLE Bring...

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EXAM 1 REVIEW M103-1 S08 CARLISLE Bring scantron #16485 (the purple one) and a pencil. Most of the exam will be made up of multiple-choice questions. The following terms are taken from the lectures and the reading and listening assignments for each class, which have been posted in the syllabus since the beginning of the semester. THE ELEMENTS OF MUSIC: CHAPTERS 1-5 and pp. xxvii-xxxiii Understand the meaning of the following terms or answers to the following questions: Pitch – Highness of lowness of a sound Frequency – Rate of a sound wave’s vibration Tone – sound with specific pitch, produced by a constant one-half higher than notated Musical Staff- five lines and four spaces on which music is notated Intervals – distance between two pitches Octave – interval of an eight as from C to C Dynamics – level of volume Crescendo – becoming louder Decrescendo or Diminuendo – becoming softer Know the Dynamics chart on p. 8. Rhythm – Arrangement of time in music. Tempo – Rate of speed at which a musical piece is performed Know the Tempo Indications chart at the bottom of p. 12. What language is most often used to indicate tempo? Largo Slow: “broad” Adagio Slow: at ease Andante Moderately slow, “walking” tempo Moderato Moderate Allegro Fast, cheerful Presto Very light Vivace lively Molto Very Non troppo Not to much Con brio With spirit Metronome –instrument to measure tempo Rests – signs that indicate silence or the cessation of musical sound Accent – Strong sound. Accents may be achieved by stress, duration, or position of a tone Meter – Organization of rhythm into patterns of strong and weak beats
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Exam 1 Review M103-1 S08 Carlisle Measure or bar - Unit containing a number of beats Duple meter - two beats per measure Triple meter – three beats per measure Quadruple meter – four beats per measure Syncopation – Occurrence of accents on weak beats , or between beats Melody – Meaningful succession of pitches Phrases – Sections of a melody comparable to a section or phrase of a sentence Cadence – Stopping point
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