Metaethics: The study of ethics. Is there such a thing as morality? Deals with questions about what morality is, and what, if anything, legitimizes it. One of three branches of ethics, the other two being ethical theory and applied ethics which make up normative ethics. While normative ethics ask the question, "what should you do?" metaethics asks, "what is moral goodness?" Metaethics is one of three branches of ethics. It seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties and evaluations. For instance, according to Richard Garner and Bernard Rosen, one of the three questions involving metaethics would be what do the words 'good', 'bad', 'right', 'wrong' mean? Normative ethics: Normative ethics is a branch of philosophical ethics concerned with the classification of actions as right or wrong. The process involves examining the moral standards people currently use in order to justify them as well as constructing new moral standards which might be better. Realism: Either "absolute' or "relativist" versions hold that morality is justifiable and that we should abide by moral rules. Absolutism or Universalism: There are some objective, universal moral truths which apply regardless of culture or conscience. Soft universalism: The theory that every culture shares the same basic morals and principals although, the way they are applied differs. Moral truths are general and could be represented in a variety of cultural forms. Montaigne can be described as a soft universialist.
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