Intro to Romanticism-Vocal- Lieder and Opera.pptx -...

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Introduction to Romanticism & Art Songs (Lieder) (Chapters 19 & 20)
Chapter 19: Introduction to Romanticism
Romantic Inspiration & Romantic Creativity Self-expression, striving to communicate with passion no matter what imbalance (or excess) Human imagination and the wonders of nature Love: Longing and despair Nature: Exploring the darker side of (human) nature Fascination with the occult, supernatural, and the macabre Wide range of expression shown in the musical expression marks that came into being
The Musician as “Artist,” Music as “Art” The duty of the artist was “the upbringing of mankind” Composers were no longer servants to the aristocracy Music no longer merely entertainment, but Art Serious tone in the concert hall “Art for Art’s sake.” Rebellion against Classical ideals Evolution beyond Classical music
Romantic Ideals Change the Listening Experience More serious tone in the concert hall Sat in respectful silence for the revered figure of the Romantic artist-composer Audience was emotionally engaged Belief in the artist as superhero, reverence for the object as a “work of art,” and expectations of silence and formal dress at a concert developed in the Romantic period Canon of Classical music: Works that stand the test of time
The Style of Romantic Music Romantic Melody : Broad, sweeping themes Lyrical and expressive, building to a grandiose climax Longer phrases, irregular in shape Rhythmically flexible
Colorful Harmony : Contributes to the emotional intensity Use of chromatic harmony, temporary dissonance Rich, lush sounds Unexpected harmonic shifts Romantic Tempo: Rubato Rubato : Italian for “robbed” time Exaggerates the rhythmic flow Gives performers more artistic freedom Heard especially in the music of Frédéric Chopin
Romantic Forms: Monumental: Romantic composers expanded those used in the Classical Era Length of individual movements increased dramatically Miniature:

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