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March+13-15 - Current Moral Problems Lectures March 13 and...

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Current Moral Problems Lectures March 13 and 15 Human Rights and the War on Terrorism  David Luban: “The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights” Responses to Terrorism: Two Models of Governmental Action The law model Governmental action against terrorism is in accordance with the norms of criminal law and  the criminal justice system. The war model Governmental action against terrorism is in accordance with the norms of war. Advantages of the War Model In war, but not in law, it is acceptable to use lethal force on enemy forces regardless of the  extent of their personal involvement and responsibility. Cooks, mechanics, and generals are legitimate targets. In war, but not in law, “collateral damage” (foreseen, but unintended killing of non- combatants) is acceptable. Advantages of the War Model The requirements of evidence and proof are drastically weaker in war than in criminal  justice. In war, legitimate targets are not limited to soldiers who have already performed harmful  actions. Posing a  risk  of harm in combat is sufficient grounds for attacking enemy soldiers Disadvantages of the War Model In war, but not in law, fighting back is a legitimate response of the enemy. When nations fight a war, other nations may remain neutral. Disadvantages of the War Model Since fighting back is acceptable in war, enemy soldiers are entitled to special protections  once they are rendered harmless as a result of injury, surrender, or capture.
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Punishment and harsh interrogation are prohibited. According to the Third Geneva Convention: “Prisoners of war who refuse to answer  [questions] may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to unpleasant or disadvantageous  treatment of any kind” (SE, p. 343).
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