Chapter One Vocabulary

Chapter One Vocabulary - Sociology and Anthropology 252:...

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Sociology and Anthropology 252: Chapter One Vocabulary Primate : Member of the mammalian order Primates, including prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans, defined by a suite of anatomical and behavioral traits. Evolution : A change in the frequency of a gene or a trait in a population over multiple generations. Biological Anthropology : The study of humans as biological organisms, considered in an evolutionary framework; sometimes called physical anthropology. Hominid : A member of the primate family Hominidae, distinguished by bipedal posture and, in more recently evolved species, large brain. Adaptation : A trait that increases the reproductive success of an organism, produced by natural selection in the context of a particular environment. Paleoanthropology : The study of the fossil record of ancestral humans and their primate kin. Osteology : The study of the skeleton. Paleopathology : The study of diseases in ancestral human populations. Forensic Anthropology : The study of human remains applied to a legal context. Primatology : The study of the nonhuman primates and their anatomy, genetics, behavior, and ecology. Human Biology : Subfield of biological anthropology dealing with human growth and development, adaptation to the environmental extremes, and human genetics. Physical Anthropology : The study of humans as biological organisms, considered in an evolutionary framework. Anthropology : The study of humankind in a cross-cultural context. Anthropology includes the subfields cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, archeology, and biological anthropology. Culture : The sum total of learned traditions, values, and beliefs that groups of people [and few species of highly intelligent animals] possess. Biocultural Anthropology : The study of the interaction between biology and culture, which plays a role in most human traits. Cultural Anthropology : The study of human societies, especially in a cross-cultural context; the subdivision of anthropology that includes ethnology, archeology, and linguistics. Ethnology : The study of human societies, their traditions, rituals, beliefs, and the differences between societies in these traits. Ethnography : The practice of cultural anthropology. Ethnographers study the minute to minute workings of human societies, especially non-Western societies. Archaeology : The study of the material culture of past peoples. Artifacts : The objects, from tools to art, left by earlier generations of people. Material Culture : The objects or artifacts of past human societies. 1
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Linguistic Anthropology : The study of language, its origins, and used; also called anthropological linguistic. Chapter Two Vocabulary
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCA 252 taught by Professor Hirshman during the Fall '07 term at WVU.

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Chapter One Vocabulary - Sociology and Anthropology 252:...

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