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Reviewer in AnatomyCHAPTER 1Human anatomy and physiology are the studyof the structure and function of the humanbody.Anatomy- It is the scientific disciplinethe investigates the structures of thebody. (“Anatomy”means to dissect, cut,apart and separate, the parts of thebody for study).oSystemic Anatomy– It is thestudy of the body by systems,such as the cardiovascular,nervous, skeletal, and muscularsystems.oRegional Anatomy– it is thestudy of the organization of thebody by areas.oSurface Anatomy– It is thestudy of external features, suchas bony projections, which isserve as landmarks for locatingdeeper structures.oAnatomical Imaging– Involvesthe use of x-rays, ultrasound,magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and other technologies tocreate pictures of internalstructure,suchaswhendetermining if a bone is broken ora ligament is torn.Physiology– It is the scientificdiscipline that deals with the process orfunction of the living things.oHuman Physiology– It is thestudy of specific organism, thehuman.oSystemic Physiology– Study ofbody organ system.oCellular Physiology– Study ofbody cells.STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONALORGANIZATION1.Chemical levela.Smallest levelb.Atoms, chemical bonds, andmoleculesc.It is the structural and functionalcharacteristics of all organism aredetermined by their chemicalmakeup.d.Atoms combine to form amolecule.2.Cell Levela.Cells: basic unit of lifeb.Compartments and organellesc.Molecules form organelles, suchas the nucleus and mitochondria,which make up tissues.

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