Pols 260 Notes

Pols 260 Notes - I) Chapter One: Why Study IR? A) IR in...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Chapter One: Why Study IR? 1. IR in Everyday Life 1. The entire population of the world is divided into separate political communities, or independent states. States are defined as a clear-cut and bordered territory, with a permanent population, under the jurisdiction of supreme government that is constitutionally independent of all foreign governments; a sovereign state. Together states form an international state system that is global in extent. States are independent of each other but this does not mean they are isolated from each other. 1. Complete isolation is not an option. When states are isolated and cut off from the state system, either by their own government or by foreign powers, the people suffer as a result. 2. States adjoin each other and affect each other; therefore, they must find ways to coexist. They form a state system, which is the core subject of international relations. International relations is the study of the nature and the consequences of these state systems. States are embedded in international markets which affect the policies of their governments and the wealth and welfare of their citizens. 2. The state system is a distinctive way of organizing political life on earth which has deep historical roots. International relations conventionally dates back to the early modern era in Europe (16 th and 17 th centuries) when sovereign states based on adjacent territories were initially established. 1. Since the 18 th century, the relations between such independent states have been labeled international relations. In the 19 th and 20 th centuries, the state system was expanded to encompass the entire territory of the earth. 2. The world of states is basically a territorial world; it is a way of politically organizing the world’s populated territory, a distinctive kind of territorial political organization based on numerous different governments that are legally independent of each other. 3. Five Basic Social Values: fundamental to human well being and must be protected or insured in some way. 1. Security: protection of citizens from internal and external threat. The very existence of states affects the value of security; we live in a world of many states, almost all of which are armed to some degree. States can both defend and threaten people’s security, a paradox of the state system referred to as the security dilemma. (Realist Theory) 1. There is no world government to constrain hostile states, the problem of national security dealt with through military power. Military power is considered necessary so states can coexist with each other without being intimidates. 1. States enter into alliances to increase their national security. 2.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

Pols 260 Notes - I) Chapter One: Why Study IR? A) IR in...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online