bio2ch1 - Chapter 1 An Evolutionary Framework for Biology...

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Chapter 1 An Evolutionary Framework for Biology 1) What is biology? 2) What is science? 3) Doing Science a) Asking and answering “how” and “why” 4) The Scientific Method a) A process of using common sense and logic to solve a problem b) 5 steps c) Same method can be used to solve a puzzle i) Step 1: Making observations (1) Defining the problem (2) Points to remember (a) State the problem in the form of a question (b) Confine the problem to a single idea ii) Step 2: Asking questions (1) Collecting information (2) This information is used to form a hypothesis (next step) (3) Many sources of information iii) Step 3: Formulate a hypothesis (1) An educated guess to answer the problem you have stated (2) A tentative answer to a problem (3) Testable iv) Step 4: Making Predictions (1) Based on the hypothesis certain predictions are made (2) Predict what variables are involved in the problem v) Step 5: Testing the Hypothesis (1) Hypotheses are often made with little information (2) Use experiments to test the hypothesis
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bio2ch1 - Chapter 1 An Evolutionary Framework for Biology...

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