bio2ch6 - Chapter 6 Energy, Enzymes, and Metabolism 1)...

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Chapter 6 Energy, Enzymes, and Metabolism 1) Cyclooxygenase (COX) i) Convert a straight chain fatty acid into ring structure fatty acid ii) Promotes blood clotting iii) Causes joint inflammation iv) Repairs stomach lining v) COX-1 and COX-2 (1) COX-1 found in the stomach and blood (2) COX-2 found in the joints vi) Active Site (1) COX-1: Isoleucine (2) COX-2: Valine 2) Metabolism a) The total chemical activity of a living organism b) Thousands of chemical reactions occurring at any given second c) Energy can neither be created nor destroyed i) Energy can be transformed from one form to another 3) Types of Energy a) Kinetic energy – the energy of movement b) Potential energy – stored energy 4) Metabolic Reactions a) Anabolic reactions i) Link together simple molecules to form more complex molecules ii) Require the input of energy iii) Condensation reactions b) Catabolic reactions i) Reactions that break down complex molecules into simpler ones ii) Release energy iii) Hydrolysis reactions 5) Exergonic vs. Endergonic 6) The Laws of Thermodynamics a) Energy is neither created nor destroyed b) After the transformation the amount of energy available to do work does not
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BIOL 2180 taught by Professor Harmich during the Spring '08 term at Toledo.

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bio2ch6 - Chapter 6 Energy, Enzymes, and Metabolism 1)...

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