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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: Review: War and Nature: Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to "Silent Spring." Article in Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences · April 2003 DOI: 10.1093/jhmas/58.2.240 · Source: OAI CITATIONS 8 READS 1,069 1 author: Frederick Davis Florida State University 18 PUBLICATIONS 25 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Frederick Davis on 28 May 2014. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
War and Nature Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring edmund russell University of Virginia
PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA 10 Stamford Road, Oakleigh, VIC 3166, Australia Ruiz de Alarcón 13, 28014, Madrid, Spain Dock House, The Waterfront, Cape Town 8001, South Africa © Edmund Russell 2001 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. Cover credits: Soldier provided from RG407 CW1, USGPO, Still Pictures Branch, NARA. Picture of mosquito from Leonard Munstermann, Mosquito Genomics, WWW server () 1995, reprinted by permission. First published 2001 Printed in the United States of America Typeface Sabon 10.5/15 pt. System QuarkXPress™ [HT] A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Russell, Edmund, 1957– War and nature: fighting humans and insects with chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring / Edmund Russell. p. cm – (Studies in environment and history) Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-521-79003-4 1. Chemical warfare – Environmental aspects – History. 2. Insect pests – Control – Environmental aspects – History. 3. Chemical warfare – Effect of technological innovations on – History. 4. Insect pests – Control – Effect of technological innovations on – History. I. Title. II. Series QH545.C48 R87 2001 577.27 – dc21 00-040323 ISBN 0 521 79003 4 hardback ISBN 0 521 79937 6 paperback
Contents Illustrations page xi Acknowledgments xiii Terms xvii 1 Introduction 1 2 The Long Reach of War (1914–1917) 17 3 Joining the Chemists’ War (1917–1918) 37 4 Chemical Warfare in Peace (1918–1937) 53 5 Minutemen in Peace (1918–1937) 74 6 Total War (1936–1943) 95 7 Annihilation (1943–1945) 119 8 Planning for Peace and War (1944–1945) 145 9 War Comes Home (1945–1950) 165 10 Arms Races in the Cold War (1950–1958) 184 11 Backfires (1958–1963) 204 12 Epilogue 229 Primary Sources 237 Abbreviations 241 Notes 243 Author Index 305 Subject Index 309 ix
Illustrations 2.1 “The Gas Fiend.” page 29 2.2 “Two Giants.” 34 3.1 “The Fly Must be Exterminated to Make the World Safe for Habitation.” 48 3.2 “And They Thought We Couldn’t Fight!” 51 6.1 “What! Me Sabotage that Guy’s Victory Garden?” 100 6.2 “The Flying Flitgun.”

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