Unformatted text preview: ating system. It is alleged that
IBM approached Both Kidall and Gates. However, Kidall was out flying and failed to
attend to IBM’s request before Gates did.
Gates developed the first DOS and a version of the BASIC programming language
for IBM and the rest is history
for The Development of the Internet
The Internet, a global network of computers, owes its development on the
invention of four technologies: telegraph, telephone, radio, and computers.
History has it that the Internet originated from the early work of J.C.R.
Licklider of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on "Galactic
Licklider conceptualized a global interconnected set of computers with
communication channels between them through which programs and data
could be accessed quickly by any computer from any computer .
The networking concept envisioned by Licklider would support
communication between network nodes using a concept of packets instead
of circuits, thus enabling computers to talk to each other.
He left MIT to head the computer research program at the Department of
Defense’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in 1962.
A year before, in 1961 at MIT, researcher Leonard Kleinrock had published
what is believed to be the first published work on packet switching theory .
This work created the momentum for the packet switching network concept. However, it was not the only work on the concept, there were two
additional independent projects on this same topic, that of Donald
Davies and Roger Scantleberg at the British National Laboratory
(BNL) which later was credited with coining the term "packet", and
that of Paul Baran at RAND.
In 1965, Lawrence Roberts at MIT, who had been collaborating with
Licklider, and Thomas M. Roberts connected and tested the TX-2
computer from Boston on the east coast of USA to the Q-32
computer in Los Angels on the west coast of the USA, with a low
speed dial-up telephone line.
This test experiment created the first working Wide Area Network
(WAN). This experiment opened up doors for all computer network
communications as known today.
In 1966 Roberts left MIT for DARPA to develop the computer
network concept publishing the first plan for ARPNET in 1967.
In 1968, a go ahead was given by DARPA for the development of
the packet switches called Interface Message Processors (IMP).
As the team, lead by Frank Heart and included Bob Kahn,
developed the IMP, a team consisting of Roberts and Howard Frank
designed the network topology and economics, and the network
measurement system were done by Kleinrock and his team . The work of these teams led to the testing of the first
IMP at UCLA in 1969 connected to a second node at
Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
After these tests, more nodes were added to ARPNET
and by end of 1969 four nodes formed ARPNET .
From this point on the Internet started to grow.
However, more work was needed t...
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- Fall '12