Socio 101 - Ch3 - Dimensions of Culture Culture a people's...

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Ch. 3      Culture     Dimensions of Culture Culture  – a people’s way of life, consisting of material objects as well as the patterns from  generation to generation among members of a society. A society’s way of life (Ex. American culture includes fast-food restaurants, values, and a capitalist economy) Society  – a group of people living in a defined territory and participating in a common culture      *Human social behavior is based on culture* The Normative Dimension Consists of the standards for appropriate behavior of a group or society, is heavily tied into  functionalism with its emphasis on social integration, stability, and consensus Norms  – rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behaviors (Ex. Applause after a performance, laws against stealing) Folkways  – norms without moral overtones (Ex. talking loudly in quiet places, shaking hands when introduced) Mores  – norms that have great moral significance and that should be  followed by the members of a society ~ mores are a social requirement (Ex. using loud profanity during church, stand during national anthem Taboo  – a more so important that its violation is considered  repugnant (Ex. incest, bestiality) Laws  – norms that are formally defined and enforced by officials o Enforcement of norms Sanctions  – rewards and punishments used to encourage conformity to  norms. Can be positive or negative Formal sanctions  – sanctions that may be given only by officially  designated persons. (Ex. Judges and college professors) Informal sanctions  – sanctions that can be applied by most  members of a group. (Ex. mother spanks her child)
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