Socio 101 - Ch6 - Ch. 6 Groups and Organizations Group –...

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Ch. 6 Groups and Organizations Group – composed of people who are in contact with one another; share some ways thinking, feeling, and behaving. *One or more interests or goals in common *Play an important role in the lives of their participants as well as influencing the societies in which they exist Types of groups : Social category – not a group, but people who share a social characteristic (Ex. Taxpayer, a woman, and a college graduate, citizens of a state) Social aggregate – not a group, but people who happen to be at the same place at the same time (Ex. Students waiting in line for concert tickets, victims of a disaster) *These people may form a group if they begin to interact regularly; share ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving; take one another’s behavior into account; and have some common goals. Primary Group – composed of people who are close; close and continuous social interaction, provides emotional support, contributes to socialization process, and promotes conformity and social control. Promotes “we” feeling *Conditions which promote the development: - Small group size - Face to face contact - Continuous contact - Proper social environment (Ex. Family, Soldiers in combat, street gang) Secondary Group – exists to accomplish a specific purpose. Impersonal social interaction, aids achievement of group goals (Ex. Aerobics class, NFL football team, telecommunications law firm) Secondary Relationships – impersonal interactions involving only limited parts of their personality. (Ex. Salesperson and customers, employers and workers) Reference Groups – groups used to evaluate ourselves and to acquire attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms<> assess yourself in terms of their standards (Ex. Families, teachers, college classmates, student government leaders) *don’t have to be a member *don’t have to be positive In-Group – encourages intense identification and loyalty. The level of identification and loyalty is sufficiently compelling that members to exclude others. Out-Group – a group toward which in-group members feel opposition and competition. It is from membership in these groups that people divide in to “we” and “they” *Benefits of in-group may be heightened self esteem and a sense of social identity. *Negatives may be an “inflated” self worth while promoting an unrealistically negative view of others
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Social Networks – a web of social relationships that joins a person to other people and groups *Not a group, but this includes groups…lacks the boundaries of a typical group and it does not necessarily involve close or continuous interaction *involve both strong and weak ties *functions serve to provide a sense of belonging, they furnish support in the form of help and advice, and they are a useful tool for those entering the labor market (Ex. Typical American knows between 500 and 2500 people; including family members, colleagues, classmates, physicians, church members, close friends, store clerks, etc.)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Socio 101 - Ch6 - Ch. 6 Groups and Organizations Group –...

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