Socio 101 - Ch15

Socio 101 - Ch15 - Religion Science and Sociology Religion...

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Ch. 15      Religion     Religion, Science, and Sociology Religion and Science Cannot coexist because they conflict Creationism – explanation of the natural world through the bible Religion and Sociology Religion  – a unified system of beliefs and practices relating to sacred things Sacred  – entities that are set apart and given a special meaning that transcends  immediate human existence; seem important Profane  – nonsacred aspects of life; a profane object can become sacred and vice  versa Sociologists who study religion are not forced to abandon their religious beliefs and  convictions Transcendent reality – a set of meanings attached to a world beyond human observation Sociologists only focus on observable and social aspects of religion Theoretical Perspectives Functionalism and Religion o Durkheim was first sociologist to study religion o Social functions of religion To legitimate social arrangements Explains why a society is the way it is promotes a sense of social unity glue that holds society together provides a sense of understanding/meaning mark important events such as life, birth, death, marriage encourages a sense of belonging religious organizations provide opportunities for people to share significant  commonalties, a way of life
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Socio 101 - Ch15 - Religion Science and Sociology Religion...

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