Asia - Asia Japan China India Four Sub-Regions of Asia •...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Asia Japan, China, India Four Sub-Regions of Asia • Northeast Asia: China, Japan, Koreas, Russian Far East • Southeast Asia: Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar/Burma, Singapore • South Asia: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal • Central Asia: anything ending in “-stan” High level of diversity • Religious diversity: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Confucianism, Christianity • Ethnic diversity • Linguistic diversity (no history of common political/religious language like Latin or Arabic) • Geographic diversity: mountains, jungles, deserts, savanna • Enormous population (60% of world in Asia) Absence of democratic tradition • Most civilizations/polities in area ruled by despotism (mostly hereditary autocracies) • Several highly advanced civilizations – China – Hindu kingdoms in India – Khmer empire in present-day Cambodia • Region eclipsed by Europe and much of the area colonized by European powers Three faces of development in Asia • “Over-development” (Japan, Singapore?) – Overcrowding – High levels of pollution – Noise, ugliness – Chronic traffic congestion – 1/3 of population on 1% of land Three faces of development in Asia • Medium/transitional development – Taiwan – South Korea – Thailand (?) – Malaysia (?) – Indonesia (?) • Rapid economic growth and social change over past twenty years, sometimes accompanied by political instability Three faces of development in Asia • Underdevelopment – Myanmar – Laos – Cambodia – Vietnam – Bangladesh – Pakistan • High infant mortality, lower life expectancy, low education levels, high dependence on agriculture Cultural and historical influences • Primary civilizations: Chinese and Indian – Chinese: writing, Confucianism as ethical system, organization of bureaucracy – Influenced Japan, Korea, Vietnam – Indian: Hindic influences spread throughout Southeast Asia; Buddhism founded in India, spread to China, Sri Lanka and SEA Political traditions • Empire building : Chinese dynasties, Khmer empire (constructed Angkor Wat), Ashoka empire in India, Japan • Dynastic authoritarianism : concentrated authority, dynast claims divine sanction (mandate of heaven, descent from sun-god, etc.) – Power passed to male heirs • State used to conscript and organize labor for large-scale projects (dams, temples, etc.) • Advanced agricultural techniques Politics, cont. • Patron-client relations – Informal – Based on personal ties such as friendship – Particular (open only to select individuals – Not based upon abstract values or abstract organizational ties – Usually based upon village residency rather than cities (where ties developed through political parties, unions, other associations) Effects of colonialism • Chinese exacted tribute from smaller states in region but otherwise did little to change forms of administration • European colonialism either replaced or co- opted local rulers • Britain: seized India, Pakistan, Burma, Sri...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course GOVT 203 taught by Professor Left during the Spring '05 term at William & Mary.

Page1 / 140

Asia - Asia Japan China India Four Sub-Regions of Asia •...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online