Lecture 14 Reading Summary

Of this difference must be sought in the

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Unformatted text preview: character of its highest ideals, must have brought up its adherents to a greater indifference toward the good things of this world. - Protestantism: it is used a criticism of the ascetic ideas of Catholicism; while the Catholics answer with the accusation that materialism results from the secularization of all ideals through Protestantism. “The Protestant prefers to eat well, the Catholic to sleep undisturbed.” • Protestants in Germany, according to Weber, were absorbed in worldly economic life, and their upper ranks were most indifferent to religionà༎ Similar to the • • • • • • • circumstances in France, where Catholics were in the lower ranks and greatly interested in the enjoyment of life/protestants were in the higher ranks and were hostile to religion. Their traits are characteristic of many of the most important Churches and sects in the history of Protestantism. This was especially true for Calvinism (has shown traits of piety and capitalistic business sense). Gothein à༎ calls the Calvinistic diaspora the seedbed of capitalistic economy. But not all the Protestant denominations seem to have had an equally strong influence in this direction. - Ex: Calvinism, even in Germany, seems to have promoted the development of capitalism, much more than Lutheranism. - Ex: Quakers and Mennonites- Connection of a religious way of life with the most intensive development of business acumen among those sects whose otherworldliness is proverbial as their wealth. - Ex: Pietists- combination of intense piety with just as strong of a development of bus iness acumen. The spirit of hard work, which is often ascribed to Protestantism, is not to be understood as the joy of living nor in any other sense connected with the Enlightenment. The old Protestantism of Luther, Calvin, Knox, Voet had precious little to do with what today is called progress. Certain expressions of the old protestant spirit and modern capitalistic culture is to be found in its purely religious characteristics, and not alleged materialistic or anti- ascetic joy of living. CHAPTER 2- The Spirit of Capitalism • • • • • • • • In this chapter, Weber mostly gives historical examples of the differences between traditional and modern capitalist societies, and he also illustrates...
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