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Lecture 14 Reading Summary

Rational organization of capital and labor

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Unformatted text preview: e history of a continual struggle with the problem of the secularizing influence of wealth. The same is true on a grand scale of the worldly asceticism of Puritanism. Wesley à༎ Presented a historical dilemma, the more economic development increased, the less interest their was in the pursuit of a pious life. Bourgeois economic ethic had grewà༎ “With the consciousness of standing in the fullness of God's grace and being visibly blessed by Him, the bourgeois business man, as long as he remained within the bounds of formal correctness, as long as his moral conduct was spotless and the use to which he put his wealth was not objectionable, could follow his pecuniary interests as he would and feel that he was fulfilling a duty in doing so.” Calvin himself had made statement that only when the mass of laborers and craftsmen, were poor did they remain obedient to God. The treatment of labor as a calling became as characteristic of the modern worker as the corresponding attitude toward acquisition of the businessman. Calvinism opposed organic social organization in the fiscal- monopolistic form, especially in the conceptions of Laud, this alliance of Church and State with the monopolists on the basis of a Christian, social ethical foundation. The Puritans repudiated all connection with the large- scale capitalistic courtiers and projectors as an ethically suspicious class. On the other hand, they took pride in their own superior middle- class business morality. Since asceticism undertook to remodel the world and to work out its ideals in the world, material goods have gained an increasing and finally an inexorable power over the lives of men as at no previous period in history. - Weberà༎ The spirit of religious asceticism has escaped from the cage. In this essay, there’s only been an attempt to trace the fact and the direction of its influence to people’s motives in one, though a very important point. - But Weber argues that it would also further be necessary to investigate how Protestant Asceticism was in turn influenced in its development and its character by the totality of social conditions, especially economic. Weber concludes by saying that it is not his aim to substitute for a one- sided materialistic an equally one- sided spiritualistic causal interpretation of culture and of history. - Each...
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