Lecture 14 Reading Summary

The farthest of all peoples of the world

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Unformatted text preview: flourish—protestants saw this as a natural impulse as opposed to a policy to abide by Pre Capitalistic Labor, Traditionalism and Obstacles to modern Capitalism • • • Traditionalism: See Piece Rates example—I.E a man by nature doesn’t wish to earn more and more, he just wishes to earn enough to sustain himself, to live as he is accustomed to live, however, Protestantism is about the pursuit of surplus Pieter de la cour “ people only work because and so long as they are poor” “ the presence of a surplus population which it can hire cheaply in the labour market is a necessity for the development of capitalism” • • • • • • • Satisfaction of needs vs. acquisition Acquisition: the struggle for profit free from the limits set by needs Traditionalism: the economy of needs Germany: those who express the spirit of capitalism tend to be hostile to the [catholic] church Providing for themselves and their families on earth vs. paradise “ whoever does not adapt his manner of life to the conditions of capitalistic success must go under, or at least, cannot rise” Correlates the development of capitalism to the development of rationalism as a whole CHAPTER 5: ASCETICISM AND THE SPIRIT OF CAPITALISM: WORK, PIETY AND THE PURSUIT OF A CALLING: • Possession of wealth can connote idleness • • • • • • • • • On earth man must “ do the works of him who sent him, as long as it is not his day yet” Glorify god on earth through work, via pursuing your calling Work is seen as the active performance of the will of god on earth Baxter’s principle of work: “continually repeated, often almost passionate preaching of hard, continuous bodily or mental labour” “ he who will not work, will not eat” Even those who are wealthy should not cease to work. Work and pursuing one’s calling is not solely for the purpose of the acquisition of wealth, but for the purpose of fulfilling god’s will on earth The division of labour, the separation of classes is a direct result of divine will – the division of labour also allows for improvement in production and thus serves the common good—utilitarian aspect of Protestantism A man’s life in his calling is proof of g...
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