Lecture 14 Reading Summary

To the ethical feelings of whole epochs

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Unformatted text preview: it is objectionable at all. Waste of time is thus the first and in principle the deadliest of sins. - Even the wealthy must work, even though they do not need the money. - God’s Providence, according to Protestantism, has prepared a calling, in which a person should profess and labor in. According to Weber’s research, scholars such as Aquinas, stated that various social dimensions such different social strata and the division of labor were all a part of God’s plan and it was up to each individual to live out the roles assigned to them. A man without a calling lacks the systematic, methodical character that is demanded by worldly asceticism. In the Puritan concept of the calling the emphasis is always placed on this methodical character of worldly asceticism, not on the acceptance of the lot that God has irretrievably assigned to man (as seen in Lutheranism). Quaker Ethic: also holds that a man's life in his calling is an exercise in ascetic • • • • • • • • • virtue, a proof of his state of grace through his conscientiousness, which is expressed in the care and method with which he pursues his calling. - What God demands is not labor in itself, but rational labor in a calling. According to Puritan belief, it is not bad if a person answer to more than one calling (if it is useful), now is it bad if they change their calling (if it is not thoughtless and made for a pursuing a calling more pleasing to God). Also, if God shows you a way to make more profit, and you deny it, God will get angry. Wealth is thus bad ethically only in so far as it is a temptation to idleness and sinful enjoyment of life, and its acquisition is bad only when it is with the purpose of later living merrily and without care. - Even begging is considered a sin. The emphasis on the ascetic importance of a fixed calling provided an ethical justification of the modern specialized division of labor. Calvinism: conception of the absolute sovereign majesty, of God, beyond all human comprehension. Puritanism: it combined the certainty, which, though incidental for Calvin, came to be of great importance for them, that God would bless His own in this life and also in the material sense. Basically, what Weber...
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2013 for the course POL 303 taught by Professor Profz during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto.

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