Lecture 23 Reading Summary

Also claims that vast world wars have come

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Unformatted text preview: gerous. We have to go beyond the nation- state; the core of global politics is civilization line.” • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Main source of conflict is cultural – not political or economic Civilization –a cultural entity, villages, regions, ethnic groups, nationalities, religions, - Highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have short of that which distinguishes humans from other species. COMMON OBJECTIVE elements (language, history, religion…) and Subjective WHY? - 1. Basic differences of history, culture, language, tradition, religion (more fundamental because product of centuries and less likely to be altered) 2. World is becoming a smaller place (interaction between people of different civilizations is increasing, intensifies differences –IMMIGRATION, EMIGRATION in EU, Illegal immigration to US) (ENHANCES CIVILIZATION CONSCIOUSNESS) o Clash of cultures (ethnic nationalism(?)) 3. Economic modernization and social change is separating people from their identities, weakening nation state. RELIGION is becoming something that separates civilizations (fundamentalist ideals and prejudices) 4. Civilization consciousness is increasing because of dual role of the West (West is at peak of power but because many nations are aware of this they may try to de- westernize themselves) (ASIA example) 5. Cultural characteristics are less likely to be compromised or resolved than political and economic ones. (RELIGION is harder to alter than it is to change your nationality) 6. economic regionalism enhances civilization consciousness but can also only succeed within that civilization. (TRADE within that region benefits only that region, NAFTA, EU) The clash of civilizations thus occurs at two levels. o At the micro- level, adjacent groups along the fault lines between civilizations struggle, often violently, over the control of territory and each other. o At the macro- level, states from different civilizations compete for relative military and economic power, struggle over the control of international institutions and third parties, and competitively promote their particular political and religious values. (internally as well as externally) §༊ Ex. Genocide (Rwanda, Bosnia, Sarajevo) Kin- Country Syndrome o - countries with similar “civilizations...
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2013 for the course POL 231 taught by Professor Mduke during the Summer '08 term at University of Toronto.

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