Lecture 23 Reading Summary

By wwii because of its lack of success

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Unformatted text preview: years been sidelined in favor of economic reform, and is not even relevant to those in power. • He then notes two possible problems in liberalism, the first being religious fundamentalism. He quickly brushes aside Islamic theocracy, however, citing its lack of global appeal. The second is nationalism, but Fukuyama points out that its agenda is limited solely to independence and not concerned with economics Part 4 • • • The author believes that, in a world where Western liberalism has triumphed, “not very much” would differ with that of 1989, but also that the primary source of conflict would be economic in nature. He disagrees with those who think a “great powers” system will soon return after the disappearance of the unifying “spectre” of communism because European nationalism is no longer relevant in the West—Europe simply wants to integrate economically into the EEC. Fukuyama does not believe that Russia will return to its czarist foreign policy after shrugging off communism, because of the Chinese example in which they ended expansionism. T he post- communist Soviet Union, he says, will have to choose between the economic liberalism followed by the West and much of the Far East, and a fascism- nationalism, which the author, oddly enough, doubted the viability of in Part III. Part 5 • Fukuyama concludes that, with Chinese and Russian rejections of Marxism- Leninism, no serious alternative remains to contend with Western liberalism. • Therefore, he says, most conflict will center on international economics rather than on the respective merits of communism or democracy. o Potential for economic conflict between the USA and China (Review 1st term for relative notes) He also claims that vast world wars have come to an end. Almost prophetically, however, he notes, “terrorism and wars of national liberation will continue to be an important item on the international agenda.” Nevertheless, at the end of history, Fukuyama believes there will be no (presumably original) art or philosophy, and admits he is not sure how he feels about this prediction. • • SAMUEL HUNTINGTON – CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS By: Nathalia Marques • • • • “Huntington: to say that we are at the moment of the end of history is dan...
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