Lecture 23 Reading Summary

Economic ones religion is harder to alter

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Unformatted text preview: will stick together in war and conflict against other “civilizations” (Gulf War – Islam vs USA) Confucian- Islamist Connection against Western Ideals - countries that for reason of culture and power don’t want to or can’t join the West compete with the West through economic, military, and political power (China) - this is done by allying with other nations who are anti- west ideals - as West reduced military power, Russia, North Korea, China, and Middle Eastern countries increased theirs • - challenges western ideals and values • - Nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, ballistic missiles etc. • - West, in response, promoted non- proliferation treaties and norms • - EXAMPLE of CHALLENGER – CHINA (enhanced military power and economic rise) WESTERN IDEALS (West and the rest) • • • • • • - West influences world - IMF, WBO, Democratization, Human Rights, Trade - Muslim, Confucian, Hindu, and Buddhist societies are more opposed to Western customs - West need to learn to co- exist with other civilizations in order for it to remain the strongest. It needs to accept religious and philisphical differences of other civilizations. WEST CULTURE IS PREDOMINANT Samuel Huntington, the Clash of Civilizations Summary Summarized by: Chinyere Fidel In the Clash of Civilizations Huntington, basically suggested the world was returning to a civilization dominated world where future conflicts would originate from clashes between civilizations. These clashes evidently occur because or difference either religious or ethnic etc. He divides the world's cultures into seven civilizations, Western America of course, Latin American, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu and Slavic- Orthodox. He did not include Africa, even though that’s where the first civilization occurred but he thought of Africa as a possible civilization depending on how far the development of an African consciousness had developed. Huntington argues that the nature of civilizations starts at the organization of countries into civilizations instead of grouping countries into first, second, and third worlds. He defines civilizations as the “highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have.” Language and religion characterize civilizations but people themselves ultimately decide to...
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