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Syllabus WDW152 Tuesday Section

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Unformatted text preview: izers with primary parties but are not direct adversaries. Third parties are actors such as mediators and peacekeeping forces, who might intervene to facilitate resolution. 5. Beliefs and Values: What are the contrasting beliefs and values of the main parties involved in your selected conflict? Beliefs and values operate vigorously in much social conflict. These range from the negative image one has of one's opponent to one's opinion about a Supreme Being. Disagreement over facts characterizes much conflict and is probably the most readily resolved. Then there is conflict that occurs out of the need that one or both parties have simply to fight, no matter about what. The conflict is a goal in itself. It releases tension perhaps. Finally, the explanation for the conflict may be a low capacity for cooperative conflict resolution within the context. 6. Goals and Interests: What are each side’s goals and interests? There is an important distinction between these two concepts. Goals are the more or less acknowledged objectives of parties in a conflict. Sometimes goals are referred to as positions; specific demands being made by one party or the other. "If you wish to end the conflict, you must do this or that." Interests, on the other hand, are what really motivate the parties, and what they really need to achieve: security, recognition, respect, justice and so on (Burton 1990). An important purpose of mapping is to help opposing parties to distinguish their goals/positions from their true interests/needs and bring those goals and interests as close to unity as possible. 7. Regulating the conflict: Analyze past limitations and future potential for regulating this conflict. Every conflict context contains its own conflict- limiting elements. There may be third parties who could intervene. Internal limiting factors such as the simple wish of the parties to maintain their relationship can be used. External limiting factors such as law and higher authority might be introduced. This guide is adapted from: Wehr, Paul. "Conflict Mapping." Beyond Intractability. Ed. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Research Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA. 20 July 1999. <http://www.beyondintractability.org/bi- essay/development- conflict- theory> 12...
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