The prehensile tail thistailisparticulartoonlysome

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Unformatted text preview:  Bonobo Bonobos technically arethebestatit,itcomes mostnaturaltothem (includingtheirskeleton), andtheycandoitforthelongestperiodsof time,whetherforfunorforsome purpose.   2.YouTube ­GorillaWalksLikeA Man(0:16) ­bipedalsilverback gorilla http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=ad7qzI03fqE Humans and Nonhuman Primate (NHP) Teeth Comparison: Dental Formulas of Primates Mostanthropoids(humans,apes,andOWM)have32teeth.  SomeNWMhave36teeth(anextrapremolarineachquadrant).       Teethdevelopviaappositionalgrowth  HumansandNHPdeveloptwosetsofteeth  Firstset:Deciduous:a.k.a.milkorbabyteeth Secondset:Permanentteeth Fourtypesofteeth  Incisors,canines,premolars,&molars(I.C.P.M.) Dentitioncorrelateswiththeirdiet  Generalizeddiet(flexible)andgeneralizedteeth Butsomespeciesexhibitsomedegreeofspecializationintheirdiet, andthereforetheirteethshowsomespecializationtoeatsuchfood     Humans,Apes,OWM    Dentalformulas:2.1.2.3      NWM  2.1.2.3   2.1.3.3  2.1.3.3  Incisors Broadfrontteeth Usedforbitingsoftandsemi  ­softfoods Firstteeththaterupt  at4 ­8monthsinhumans Permanent/adultincisorsgrow   inusuallyat6to7yearsold   Canines Pointed,oftensharpteeth  Especiallyinmaleprimates, andmostespeciallyifthereis sexualdimorphism  Canbeanindicatorof sexualdimorphism  Indicatorofmating system/socialgroup?  Maybelargerinmales thanfemales,especiallyin theNHP Usesforlargecanines  Gelada Baboons Fordefenseorusein male ­malecompetition Torip&shredmeat So,mayindicatediet  Professor L.M. Smolich SDSU Fall 2011 6 Part III: Growth ad Development thru HMC LMS 16: Mammals and Primate Characteristics Biological Anthropology  Humans Youcancompare caninesize.What dothedifferencesmean?    Chimpanzees Usedtobeginthe   grindingprocessofchewing       Gorillas Sometimescalled  bicuspids(2cusps)  ...
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