2.6-2.8afp - American Foreign Policy September 25, 2007...

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American Foreign Policy 25/09/2007 13:39:00 September 25, 2007 1905-1906: 1 st Moroccan Crisis (Tangiers) 1908-1909: Bosnian Crisis 1911: 2 nd Moroccan Crisis (Agadir) 1912-1913: 1 st Balkan War 1914: Franz Ferdinand shot, WWI starts, Wilson Corollary 1915: Lusitania sinks 1917: U.S. enters war; Russian Revolution 1918: WWI ends 1918-1920 or 1922: Russian Civil War 1930: Clark Memo EXPANSION EXPLOSION GDP skyrockets, US making battleships Hawaii wanted annexation in order to get access to sugar market 1897: more buildup of trying to steal Hawaii form Queen Liloukoulani 1898: Germany and US divide up Samoa SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
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Cuba Libre-Jose Marti Spain tries to quell Marti’s movement US has wanted Cuba for a long time US tries to buy Cuba from Spain for $100 million; Spain doesn’t bite USS Maine explodes Popular view: Maine explodes, driving US to war Reality: US doesn’t go to war until months after; in fact, an inquiry into the event occurs and we still, today, don’t really know what happened o All we know is Spain didn’t do it, and US probably didn’t either Country is ambivalent about what to do McKinley leaning towards annexation/fighting Newspapers exaggerate the Spanish atrocities Truth: Cubans could have gotten independence without us; still, we go to war anyway War was a rout [Joe hates Teddy Roosvelt] 2400 Americans die, 400 in action Peace conference: we don’t invite Cuba, it’s just the US and Spain We demand everything, and pretty much get it US grapples with what to do with Cuba Teller Amendment - No annexing of Cuba by America Undermined by Platt Amendment Platt Amendment - The amendment to the United States stipulated that Cuba would not transfer Cuban land to any power other than the United States, mandated that Cuba would contract no foreign debt , ensured U.S. intervention in Cuban affairs when the United States deemed necessary, prohibited Cuba from negotiating treaties with any country other than the United States, and gave Guantanamo Bay to America
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1898: we’re a great power b/c we beat Spain! First time we don’t have expectation of making Hawaiians and Samoans our citizens Doubt of war’s necessity washed away by glory of victory Remember the Maine! demonstrates how patriotism can overcome truth Geopolitics: Mahan and McKidner Strategic choke points Sea and land politics Germany At some level, there is something to geography as influencing global politics Finish: 1870-1910 China and the Philippines (Philippines-American War) Philippines thought US would leave it alone after Cuba Americans in the Philippines; Filipinos wants us out, but can’t win conventional war vs. United States
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS W3631 taught by Professor Parent during the Spring '08 term at Columbia.

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2.6-2.8afp - American Foreign Policy September 25, 2007...

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