2.27-3.1afp - American Foreign Policy February 27, 2007...

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American Foreign Policy 01/03/2007 22:32:00 February 27, 2007 1977-78: Panama Canal Treaties 1978: Camp David Accords 1979: Iranian Revolution 1979-88: Soviets in Afghanistan 1979-81: Iranian Hostage Crisis 1980: Carter Doctrine 1980-88: Iran-Iraq War 1986: Iran Contra 1992-95: Yugoslavian Civil War 1994: Rwandan Genocide 1996-9: Kosovo War I. Preface -International Justice doesn't have cops to enforce it -Decisions are often light on blame -US sent two carriers to middle east off the coast of Iran. -Carriers are big targets, easy to sink and really expensive
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-A carrier off the coast of Iran isn't that important. We could drop stuff on Iran without having a carrier. -This could be a show of force -It could be an FDR thing; putting things in harms way for good reason and trying to bait the other country II. Finish last class -myth of steadfast american-israeli partnership -US didn't support Israeli for most of these wars until like 1967. American Jewish support for Israeli has been a constant, but aid has varied over time, and you can't explain a variable with a constant -Israel won its independence without American aid, France probably gave the most -America's support of Israel --> oil embargo -US gets deeper into the middle east as it gets out of Vietnam -We'll get into OPEC more later, but it's a cartel made up of several dozen states. -The more people the harder it is to set prices. It's like splitting a check with friends: the more there are the greater the incentive to order something expensive -When we fuck up we tend not to pay the bill. When we get in trouble and screw up it doesn't really affect our national interest. III. Intro fall of the wall -The problem is that there is a transition out of bipolarity -This is the basic problem going on between the early 80s and about 2000 -American responses: belligerence (end of carter --> Reagan), followed by wariness towards the end of the cold war and then (decreasing?) assertiveness again
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-muddling through again -We see red state blue state america in the 90s -this is blamed on issues like scandals or people or whatever. But we've seen this stuff before without all the polarization -Another American response is NAFTA. NATO expansion. IV. Groundwork -Unipolarity -American primacy -American hegemony -We understand what we mean but lack a great definition. Basically, however you consider power, America is #1 by a wide margin in pretty much every category -We're a talent suck -Basic insight of economists is that if you raise the price of something you'll see less of it -Basic insight of political scientist is that behavior is relative to power. Weak = timid, rising = disciplined, powerful = arrogant and annoying. Three necessities:
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2.27-3.1afp - American Foreign Policy February 27, 2007...

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