1.16-1.18 - American Foreign Policy 1.16-1.18...

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American Foreign Policy 1.16-1.18 www.columbia.edu/~jmp84 Problems We’re living in a unipolar world; primacy Threats cause cooperation and coherence - what happens when you take away all the threats? Cooperation fails - this led to unraveling of Rome by civil war, after the empire had taken over the known world When Cold War ended and U.S. lost its competitor, divisions emerged - a lot of things could end up dominating American politics in the future Arguments Great power politics Trade and institutions Ideas So what? If the U.S. doesn’t understand the problems is it facing, we will make big mistakes Organization How do we deal with these problems? - first get the basics/lay groundwork - understand the history Groundwork In addition to gov’t, we’ll look at missionaries, NGOs, and other actors So, the class is really about American foreign relations - deal with who’s an insider and who’s an outsider POWER = (relative) skill + will + capability - power is relative - skill : how well do you use what you have - will : how much effort you give; e.g. Vietnam, one of the poorest countries, defeated one of the wealthiest, the U.S. - capability : how much ‘stuff’ do you have Misperception vs. miscalculation
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- misperception : a reasonable person would have acted differently - miscalculation : you made a mistake, but were ‘within parameters of reasonable’; that is, you took a reasonable gamble and it didn’t pay off Levels and Analysis 1st Image explanation: look at individuals – what they’re thinking/feeling and why 2 nd image: domestic politics – what’s going on within the state? - e.g. in WWII, German nationalism drove the country to fight 3 rd image: system Scientific Method for Social Science Scientific method tries to tell you the circumstances under which something will probably happen - science doesn’t prove anything, but could ‘disconfirm’ an idea Independent Variables (IV) : cause Dependent Variable (DV): effect You never know which variable is the cause; social science is about telling stories, and so you would argue why one variable is the IV and the other is the DV Ceteris paribus: can’t hold everything equal - social scientists try to minimize this problem Chief paradigms Characteristics of major paradigms: familial traits Two major paradigms, two minor Two majors: Realism and Liberalism Two minors:
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS W3631 taught by Professor Parent during the Spring '08 term at Columbia.

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1.16-1.18 - American Foreign Policy 1.16-1.18...

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