2.6-2.8 - Latin American Politics 06/02/2007 17:39:00...

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Unformatted text preview: Latin American Politics 06/02/2007 17:39:00 February 6, 2007 In addition to populist path, there were two other models considered 1) Middle class reformist efforts 2) institution of som Middle Class Reformers Changes in region brought about by populism strengthened LA economies 1950s-1960s were years of development and growth As a result of growth, more resources for spending existed this benefited public education primary, secondary and university in Argentina, secondary school education rose from 55,000 to 1 million in Brazil, it rose by 250% these changes were as dramatic in other countries as well (1950-1970) Improved growth, development, and education created a new middle class Not just in urban areas, but rural as well Universities opened in the capital, but also in non-urban areas This meant the beginning of the end of landlord-peasant institution Middle class was an untapped political constituency as well Supported a wave of reformist parties that addressed inequality and poverty that characterized their countries o Especially true for rural areas Middle class reformers represented a third way between populists and sots Alliance for Progress represents middle class interests Fernando Belaunde leads Acion Popular (AP ) in Peru Peru Balaunde publishes book as precursor to his election He saw backward communities with administrative deficiencies in Andes region and elsewhere He advocated sharp increases in govt spending for new roads and a promoter government to tie the country into integrated whole o This would allow progress into interior of country, he thought Belaunde proposed floating civil service to ensure that even smallest jungle enclave would receive assistance Overall, Balaunde government raised spending and attempted reform However, the Oligarchy was able to block these changes Venezuela Acion Democratica (AD returns to power in 1936 Joins moderate middle class reformers Mexico Reformers gained control to form moderate, middle class center Chile Frei government represented first time that a candidate not from right or left was elected Argentina Radical presidents of 1950s/60s sought middle class reforms, but were prevented from succeeding Here, politicians were too busy making short-run calculations about staying in power to propose radical reforms Brazil Lacks similar wave of middle class reformers; perhaps b/c of power of regional oligarchs Kubitschek promised 50 years of economic growth in 5 years Hope that Kubitschek would use new city of Brasilia to lead the way Thought that getting rid of life on the street they would get rid of problems like noise, traffic jams, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS W4461 taught by Professor O'neal during the Spring '07 term at Columbia.

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2.6-2.8 - Latin American Politics 06/02/2007 17:39:00...

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